Registering a domain name is something we will talk a bit later. Before that, we need to be clear about various things. So let’s get started. I hope I can clear all your doubts about the domain name and its registration.
- What is a domain name?
- Why do we need a domain name?
- How domain name actually works?
- How to register a domain name (for free with Bluehost)?
- Some providers who provide domain name registration.
What is a domain name?
The computer understands codes and numbers. That is the reason why the IP address (Internet Protocol) of various websites is in numbers. The computer remembers all the IP addresses but it is not possible for humans to remember the codes and numbers of every website. That’s when domain comes into action.
A domain is the address of your website. One needs a domain in order to set up their own website. One needs to register their domain with the Domain Registrar to start using their own domain. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS). Any name registered in the DNS is a domain name. It is a hierarchical structure.
The first-level set of the domain is also called top-level domains (TLDs) that include generic top Level domains (gTLDs) such as com, info, net, edu, and org and country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) like .co.uk that can be used within a specific territory of a country. Below these top-level domains are the second and third-level domain names that are available for reservation of the end-users.
A domain name is intangible. It a line of character arranged together that gives an identity to the website like the name of a human or a business. These domain names are used for finding and identifying the websites on the internet. A domain name can be a combination of alphabets, numbers even signs. Example of domain names: Google.com, Heisburg.com, Leopard.org as well as Yahoo.co.uk.
Every domain name is unique. There cannot be 2 domains with the same name. One cannot register a domain name once it is registered by others.
Talking about domains there is a various platform that makes domains available for purchase.
Why do we need a domain name?
As stated earlier computer understands only codes and numbers. So every website has its unique IP address that is in number form. Example of an IP address: 192.168.17.43. But it is difficult for humans to remember the IP addresses of all the websites they intend to visit. That’s why a domain is required. Domain simplifies the task of humans. Domains are made of characters that are easy for humans to remember.
In the URL (Uniform Resource Locator) bar the user puts the domain of the website he intends to visit. The URL bar converts the domain into IP address for the computer and hence the computer takes the user to the website.
Before we get into the working of the domain we need to know what is hosting:
There is a simple explanation. Imagine your house to be a website, then the address of your house will be the domain and your house will be web hosting.
Web hosting is a place where all your websites live. It is like the home of your website where it actually lives. When someone enters your domain’s name in a browser it is converted into an IP address of your web hosting company’s computer and the users get access to all the information provided on the website. Like domains, hosts are also available for purchase.
How domain name actually works?
To understand how domain name actually works we will have to take a look at what happens when we enter the domain in the browser.
When we first enter the domain name in the browser it sends a request signal to the global network of servers. After receiving the signal request these servers look for the name server associated with the domain and forward the request signal to those name servers.
Now, what are these name servers? These are the computers managed by our hosting companies. These hosting companies will further pass this request to the computers where our website is stored.
This computer is termed as web servers. Some common web servers are Apache Tomcat, Lighttpd, etc. These web servers then fetch all information and data associated with the website. And lastly, it sends back the data to the browser and we have our website data ready.
How to register a domain name?
There are various options through which you can register a domain name. But with most hosting plans the hosting providers provide domain name registration. Some provide them free of cost and some with extra cost. But you get everything under the same roof. That is of advantage. In this tutorial, we will see how to register your domain name with Bluehost web hosting.
BlueHost is a web hosting company owned by Endurance International Group. It is one of the 20 largest web hosts collectively hosting well over 2 million domains. This provider offers services including shared hosting, BlueHost WordPress hosting, VPS hosting, dedicated hosting, and WooCommerce hosting. Bluehost provides free domain name registration along with their hosting plans. Let’s see how the whole process works.
Through the link provided above visit the official website of Bluehost web hosting.
The next step is you choosing your plan: basic, plus, or choice plus. If you are just a beginner we recommend you to go for basic plans as you can upgrade whenever you wish to. BlueHost always recommends the choice plus plan. But that is a bit expensive and you do not need that if you are just a beginner.
Once you have chosen your plan, click on the “select” tab to go to the next page.
The next step is setting up your domain. Let me remind you, BlueHost provides a free domain with all their plans. But if you have an existing domain then you have to just enter your domain and click next.
Next, you have created your BlueHost account where you have to enter all your personal details.
Next comes the step where you verify your details and purchase details and you can add extras like domain privacy + protection + sitelock etc.
Finally, you have to add your payment details and check all privacy policies and cancellation policies. And then click the “submit” button and enjoy your BlueHost hosting services.
This is how you get your domain name registered and your website hosted at one go.
Some providers who provide domain name registration.
From a wide range of domain providers, it may become difficult for the customer to choose from. So here is a list of domain provider that the customer can opt for:
- Google Domain: Google Domain is a domain registration service launched by Google that provides domain name services.
- Hostinger: Hostinger is a good option as far as price and service are concerned. They provide a good price and a great service.
- Godaddy: Offering all major types of web hosting services, a website builder, and selling domain names.
- InterServer: InterServer is one of few hosting providers in the business offering price lock guarantee, meaning you will never have to worry about the rise in hosting price.